Troughs and Drinkers for Free Stalls

Troughs and Drinkers for Free Stalls cows

August 31, 2022 0 By kenyaagr

In order to achieve high milk production, it is necessary to give cows the opportunity to drink as much water as possible. Dairy cows require 4-5 liters of water to produce 1 liter of milk. A dairy cow can drink up to 135 liters of water per day in 6 or 7 visits to the drinker, very often after the distribution of the feed ration or after milking (which explains the importance of locating the drinking points near the feeding table and the exit of the milking parlor.
• Every day, 10 to 12 minutes are spent drinking. One bovine cattle can absorb up to 18 litres per minute, which is why it is so important to choose a drinker supplying the right flow rate.
• A drinker with constant water level allows faster ingestion than a tube or paddle drinker and is preferable for dairy cows with a high need for water. If the flow rate is insufficient, the bovine animal will drink more often (up to 15 times a day).

They can cover a part of their demand by eating fodder. On hot summer days animals may drink up to an additional 150 liters of water, depending on their milk production. On average they drink up to 5 to 8 liters per minute. However, when the cows are extremely thirsty, they manage to drink up to 25 liters per minute. Your water supply equipment will require technology to cover this great demand! We therefore recommend the installation of one drinking trough for up to 15 – 20 animals in free stalls for dairy cows.

After milking, cows take in up to 30 % of their daily water requirements. As a result, it makes sense to offer the animals water in long drinking troughs after having left the milking parlor. Until the herd has settled and arranged their own ranking order again after milking, it can be observed that under these circumstances and only in these moments the cows are ready to accept other cows to drink simultaneously out of one trough. The farmer has then the choice to install quick drainage troughs,

The distance between each of the troughs should not be more than 15 meters. Please ensure that you allow the animals in each group to have access to at least 2 drinking troughs. For dairy cows we recommend the installation of high-capacity troughs. These will give the animals the opportunity to drink water quickly and in large quantities. In many stalls a combination of space-saving valve troughs and large, voluminous troughs is very reasonable and recommended.

The space saving valve trough drinkers

Model 480, 490, 500, 520 can be installed in every free stall for dairy cows. Due to the high-output valve a water supply of up to 30 liters per minute can be achieved. Fodder remnants which are carried into the troughs by the animals, are taken in by the animals again. Due to high water supply and the special trough construction lengthy time-consuming cleaning of the troughs can be reduced to a minimum. As the water depth is very low, the fodder pieces cannot settle and the trough is therefore self-cleaning.
Trough drinkers with float valves Model 600 and 620 are preferably installed for animals with anti-suction rings. These troughs also guarantee a very high-water supply of up to 40 liters per minute. When using an additional heating element, the trough drinkers can be kept frost-free at low extra cost.

Trough drinkers or tip-over troughs.

The quick drainage troughs, as well as troughs, have a conical and inclined floor and are provided with a large diameter drainage hole. In order to empty or clean the trough the drainage plug is removed: water is directly channeled downwards through drainage tube in a quick way!

The flat tip-over troughs

Are simply cleaned by tipping them over. In order to provide a sufficient amount of water for the animals, these troughs are equipped with the high-capacity MASTERFLOW float-valve, which enables a water supply of up to 40 liters per minute. They are connected to a fixed water pipe. You will find a detailed description of the different frost protection possibilities for each of trough drinkers in the respective product descriptions.


Prerequisite of a high milk production level is an optimal water supply system! Dairy cows have a very pronounced sense of taste! Especially among dairy cows, troughs that do not soil easily and can be quickly cleaned will soon pay off!